How long does it take to rise from the world's largest manufacturing industry to a manufacturing powerhouse? It takes only ten years to follow the strategic blueprint and upgrade schedule outlined in China Manufacturing 2025, which was issued in May this year. In this document known as China Edition Industry 4.0
"Made in China 2025" is no stranger to everyone, this is the medium- and long-term strategy issued by the state. According to the previous case, the state issued a strategy. The people in the society are not so concerned and concerned, but this time is different. This time, many people are very familiar with "Made in China 2025". What is the reason for me? The reason is that the society has given China Manufacturing 2025 a label - the Chinese version of Industry 4.0, so that China Manufacturing 2025 received unprecedented attention. Why is "Made in China 2025" introduced? One is needed for domestic development. Everyone knows that our manufacturing industry is facing three major pressures. One is the environment, and our smog is caused by industrial pollution. The second is the market. The market needs to be personalized and diversified. The product has small profit margin and great pressure. On the other hand, it comes from the cost, raw materials, land costs, and labor costs. Therefore, the traditional model of the past is not working, and the traditional industrialization has come to an end. The domestic needs a revolution.
In addition to the domestic, there is also an international trend. We have seen that in recent years, many developed countries have introduced their own manufacturing version strategies. The United States introduced AMP. In 2013, Germany introduced Industry 4.0, France also produced a new industry in France, and South Korea came out with a Korean manufacturing innovation 3.0. In 2015, China also launched its own Chinese version, which was interpreted by society as Industry 4.0. Therefore, the "Made in China 2025" has two reasons, the domestic needs, and the international trend.
What is the difference between "Made in China 2025" and Industry 4.0?
In fact, "Made in China 2025" is not the same as Industry 4.0, because through the comparison of words, this Industry 4.0 mainly describes technologies and models, focusing on the micro level. Made in China 2025 describes industries and policies, with more focus on the macro level. Why is it different? It is because there is still a considerable gap between China and Germany's industry. Germany promotes 4.0. The main purpose is to make 3.0 automation to 4.0 intelligent transition. In fact, China has not yet reached the scale of 3.0 and 4.0. According to the judgment of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, the leaders of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology also judged the current level of China's industrial development. China's development is a parallel phase, 2.0 remediation, 3.0 popularization, and 4.0 demonstration. And China's Industry 2.0 has to make up, what to make up? 2.0 is not just electrification, but also includes industrial fundamentals, including branding and quality. 2.0 has to be supplemented, 3.0 is still popular, not only the automation of electronics and automotive industry, but also other industries like the electrical industry. 4.0 is very small, what should I do? We engage in demonstrations, smart factories, and train a number of pilot cities, so we are in the 2.0 parallel, 3.0 popular, 4.0 demonstration parallel phase. Many entrepreneurs have come today, especially representatives of many foreign companies. In this way, regardless of whether China 2.0 and 3.0 are to be upgraded and upgraded, it is a very large market. It requires a lot of information and automation technology, which is a rare opportunity for our enterprises, especially foreign-funded enterprises.
So is "Made in China 2025" similar to Industry 4.0?
In fact, "Made in China 2025" and Industry 4.0 have the same place, which is the direction of development. The future goals are the same. "Made in China 2025" proposes a theme, main direction and main line. The core of Industry 4.0 is intelligent manufacturing. The main direction of "Made in China 2025" is intelligent manufacturing. Industry 4.0 is nothing more than the use of cloud computing, the new technology of the Internet of Things. Our "Made in China 2025" also added the main line, increasing the main line of integration of information technology and manufacturing, which is the same as Industry 4.0. Therefore, China Manufacturing 2025 also has a theme, which is to promote the innovative development of manufacturing.
How will China's future manufacturing industry develop?
The traditional Chinese manufacturing model is resource-driven, relying on human, material, land, raw materials, water, electricity and other energy sources. In the future, will we change this driving style and become what? Become information and data driven. That is to say, the production of future products is not based on where the hardware is produced step by step, but by looking at the information flow in the background, the production process can be controlled. “Made in China 2025” places great emphasis on technological innovation, and everyone has heard about “Made in China 2025” and nine tasks. The first task of the Nine Major Tasks is to innovate and improve the innovation capability of the national manufacturing industry. The first of the five major projects is to align the innovation projects, and there are clear indicators. Before 2020, 15 national-level innovation centers will be built nationwide, before 2025. It is necessary to build 40 national innovation centers. In this way, I feel that there are two major changes in the "Made in China 2025" technological innovation. The first one will change from the previous closed innovation to the open innovation. We know that closed innovation creates less value and uses The cycle is long, while open innovation shortens time and cost on the one hand and increases value on the other.
How does open innovation come about? Some internal resources are open to private enterprises and foreign-funded enterprises, bringing innovation, and then taking the process of recycling external resources. This is open collaborative innovation, which is the change of innovation. Another innovative way, everyone knows that most of China's innovations are state-led, and the future is not like this. In the future, we must rely on dual innovation, mass entrepreneurship, and innovation. In this way, enterprises are the mainstay, and the government only pays attention to common technologies and builds platforms. Enterprises and people are now supporting them there, and they all benefit enterprise innovation, or take enterprise innovation as the main body. Therefore, “Made in China 2025” has changed in technological innovation.
What areas will the future “Made in China 2025” focus on in terms of innovation?
In fact, the trend of the new round of industrial revolution is something that the scientific and technological innovation in the manufacturing sector should pay attention to. I think there are four aspects. The first aspect is probably industrial software, which may flood the entire software industry. We know that the manufacturing industry is inseparable from the means of informationization. The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology has been engaged in the integration of industry and information technology. For example, if you want to produce anything now, you must use CAD drawings and you must engage in electronic drawings. Now with ERP, product life cycle, quality management, etc., a new round of industrial revolution in Germany is also concerned, Japan is also concerned, China is also concerned, the software will be improved.
The second is the creation of data based on big data. As Ma said, it is now the IT era, and the future is the DT era. The same is true in the manufacturing sector. Manufacturing big data, industrial big data, and the future are also based on big data manufacturing, and big data is used in every link. Before making a product, you must make a market forecast. You don’t make market predictions. Who are blind sales? There may be excess capacity. Now the predictions will be accurate, you can buy data from the Internet giants, what words are searched by ordinary people, and what kind of attributes are e-commerce shopping, which will help you make predictions, and the products produced will not be sold. Then you have to buy parts to buy, now the network is so developed, buy a camera, you can not manually compare, the efficiency is too low. Now with big data, you can do intelligent supply chain management systems and intelligent mining. I contacted some people in Huawei Center. Their intelligent supply chain system, input from the interface is 2000, 1000, is for the elderly and some specific users, different positioning different accessories, different attributes. Older people need a longer battery, then confirm it in one second, and automatically match it to you. Then you can purchase the camera phone screen as you can, and shorten the production cycle to reduce the cost. In addition, you can use big data in smart manufacturing, production, social applications, and more. If you are interested in purchasing, send him a text message and use customer relationship big data to do precise marketing. Big data is used in all aspects of manufacturing, and big data will be used to drive production efficiency.
The third trend is based on network manufacturing for collaborative manufacturing networking. In the past, workers used to produce products from production equipment. In the future, it is industrial robots that replace workers. What is the platform for replacing production equipment? What kind of platform? A collaborative manufacturing platform, a web-based platform. The external back end is built through the cloud, just like cloud computing, cloud manufacturing, and integrating resources. Plants, production equipment, spare parts, etc., to move the resources of offline hardware to the line, can share and integrate resources. The front end is like a customer-to-factory, omitting all the links in the middle, and the price the customer gets is the first-hand price.
The fourth trend is that the product perspective will also change. Is the future manufacturing sector becoming intelligent manufacturing? The product is about to become a smart product. Traditional mechanical products become intelligent after being electronicized and networked. In the past, some software was embedded in the hardware, and the future became an ecology. Like Apple's mobile phone based on the IOS system, many people develop software apps that form a new ecological and new field. Therefore, I think many people may think that the new round of industrial revolution is not only a revolution in technology, but also a revolution in products. Therefore, for many enterprises, I suggest how to develop in the future, not only the transformation of technology into smart manufacturing, but also the upgrading of products to smart products and network products. This will meet the needs of the future market, and enterprises can continue to develop and inject capital into the injection. .
China has been upgrading and upgrading for more than a decade. Many companies want to transform and upgrade, but for so many years, the results are not particularly significant. What is the reason?
As the American economist Schumpeter said, connecting 100 carriages will not become a train. You have to make subversive innovations. You can improve on the original basis. It may not be able to lead the trend in ten or twenty years. Achieve real transformation and upgrading. In the past, disruptive innovation did not happen so often, but it is different now. The new industrial revolution of Industry 4.0 has come. The new industrial revolution will inevitably bring about many subversive innovations, which may be technological or business model innovation. In this way, the real manufacturing industry achieves a real transformation and upgrading. China attaches so much importance to the Chinese version of Industry 4.0, which is “Made in China 2025”, so I judge that the future 9-10 years is a golden stage for the manufacturing and real economy. Today, many famous entrepreneurs in the capital industry have come. I think it is also a golden stage for the capital industry. There are more investment fields and more business opportunities. I hope that everyone will grasp the new round of industrial revolution opportunities, seize the opportunity of "Made in China 2025" and achieve more achievements and achievements.